A Geotechnical Engineer then determines and designs the type of foundations, earthworks, and/or pavement subgrades required for the intended man-made structures to be built. Foundations are designed and constructed for structures of various sizes such as high-rise buildings, bridges, medium to large commercial buildings, and smaller structures where the soil conditions do not allow code-based design. Geotechnical Engineering is also related to Coastal and Ocean Engineering. Coastal Engineering can in...
Structural Engineers are licensed or accredited by different learned societies and regulatory bodies around the world (for example, the Institution of Professional Engineers in NZ - IPENZ). Depending on the degree course they have studied and/or the jurisdiction they are seeking licensure in, they may be accredited (or licensed) as just Structural Engineers, or as Ciivil Engineers or, as both Civil and Structural Engineers.